Rock climbing is a sport that’s enjoyed by many people, and there are a number of things for beginners and experts to know about this activity. Rock climbing terms are used to refer to particular equipment and techniques and knowledge is essential for communication. You will find here the most important climbing terms for equipment and techniques.
An abseil or rappel is the process by which climber descends down a variety of ropes.
Belaying is a method of protecting climbers by passing ropes around or through an anchor point. This can be controlled by a person or the stationary object that serves as an anchor point. There are several requests that a climber can make to the person in charge of the belay point, and they’re also essential rock climbing terms. Belay on is used to warn that a climber is using the rope. Belay off can also be used to confirm the climb is over, and the safety device is no longer needed.
Bouldering occurs when climbers practice their skills on large rocks or boulders. This type of climbing usually only requires pads for protection, and in this case belaying is not applicable.
A chimney is two rock faces that are close together, and appeals to climbers who are interested in making a chimney climb. The two surfaces provide an ideal way for a climber to ascend using the opposing faces for support and holds.
Crampons are devices that are used to climb on ice, and they serve as spikes that are used to provide toe holds during a climb.
Free climbing is when a climber attempts their climb with no safety equipment. This can often be dangerous, but many climbers prefer to ascend rocks with no ropes in their way.
A sharp end of a rope is the edge that’s being used by the lead climber. This term can also be used to signify the lead climber of a group.
There are also several rope techniques, and they’re named after the number of ropes that are used during the climb. A single rope technique relies on a safety rope that is attached to a single anchor point. A double rope technique involved two ropes that are affixed to a common belay point.
A few rock climbing terms are essential for communication in this dangerous sport, and some of the most common terms have been listed and described in detail for climbers to use during their next outing.
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